Chapter 2

Capital Structure and Leverage: Real Estate returns are magnified by using debt within the capital structure, i.e. combining equity and debt. The benefits (and horrors) of changes in capital structure and the percentage of debt vs equity (leverage) are discussed.

Project Valuation (Options): Building upon Discounted Cash Flow, project specifics and financial instruments, e.g. derivative options, are introduced. The ability to financially hedge a physical real estate asset is introduced.